© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Lewis Burckhardt
by Angelica Clarke, published by John Samuel Murray, after Joseph Slater Click on the links below to find out more
etching, published 1 December 1819
7 in. x 5 3/8 in. (177 mm x 137 mm) plate size; 11 1/8 in. x 7 7/8 in. (283 mm x 199 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- Angelica Clarke (active 1819), Etcher. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- John Samuel Murray (1778-1843), Publisher. Artist associated with 36 portraits, Sitter associated with 5 portraits.
- Joseph Slater (circa 1779-1837), Painter and draughtsman. Artist associated with 127 portraits.
Peterloo Massacre leaves eleven dead and four hundred wounded as crowds, gathered to hear radical Henry Hunt call for reform of the House of Commons, are forcibly dispersed. Six Acts are passed, stiffening the 1795 Treason Act and introducing a tax on the periodical press which was viewed as seditious.
Art and science
Percy Bysshe Shelley writes Ode to the West Wind
during a year of extraordinary creativity in which he also finishes Prometheus Unbound
.Lord Byron publishes his tour-de-force Don Juan
; one man's mock-epic odyssey through a world without fixed principles. First ship with a steam engine crosses the Atlantic in twenty-eight days.
Thomas Jefferson establishes the University of Virginia.Royal Navy anti-slave squadron is set up to patrol the West African coastline.French physician Rene Laennac invents the stethoscope.