© National Portrait Gallery, London
after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, (1772)
29 1/4 in. x 24 1/2 in. (743 mm x 622 mm)
Given by Henry Willett, 1895
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
Somersett's Case: William Murrary, 1st Earl of Mansfield, the Lord Chief Justice, rules that slaves could not be taken out of their country against their will after the case of American slave John Somersett is brought before him.Royal Marriages Act requires the monarch's consent for the marriage of all members of the royal family.
Art and science
Chemist Daniel Rutherford demonstrates his method for isolating nitrogen from other gases.Inventor James Watt produces the first micrometer to simply and accurately measure small distances. It is to prove crucial in the development of early machinery. Britain's first trunk canal, the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal, opens for business.
Swiss pastor Johann Kaspar Lavater's Essays on Physiognomy
revive the study of character through outward appearance. Captain James Cook sets off, aboard HMS Resolution
, on his second Pacific voyage.First partition of Poland marks the start of Poland's disappearance as an independent state.