Sir John Moore
Sir John Moore
by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, circa 1800-1804
29 1/2 in. x 24 1/2 in. (749 mm x 622 mm)
Given by the sitter's grand niece, Miss Mary Carrick Moore, 1898
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Sitterback to top
- Sir John Moore (1761-1809), Lieutenant-General; victor of Corunna. Sitter in 11 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 684 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Moore arrived in Dublin in December 1797 and was first engaged in disarming the radical United Irishmen in Cork before the outbreak of the 1798 Rebellion. Moore was horrified at the brutality of some of his fellow officers during the disarmament process. He also spoke out against the Protestant gentry, claiming that though his men had confiscated hundreds of thousands of pikes, they would soon appear again if the gentry did not change their ways. The following year he assisted General Lake in the suppression of the Rebellion in Wexford. His humane treatment of the defeated rebels was again notable, much to the disgust of vengeful loyalists.
Linked publicationsback to top
Events of 1800back to top
Current affairsWidespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and scienceWilliam Wordsworth publishes his Preface to the Lyrical Ballads; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
InternationalLord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.
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