© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Stephen Pearce Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1853
50 1/8 in. x 39 3/8 in. (1273 mm x 1000 mm)
Bequeathed by John Barrow, 1899
- William Penny (1808-1892), Seaman and explorer. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Stephen Pearce (1819-1904), Portrait and equestrian painter. Artist associated with 63 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
In 1850, William Penny, a whaling officer, led one of the many expeditions in search of Sir John Franklin who had gone missing when charting the Arctic regions five years earlier. Penny's brig was named after his patron, Lady Franklin, the second wife of the missing explorer. This portrait by Stephen Pearce shows Penny in his explorer's garb with a view of the Arctic, including a team of dogs, behind him. The inscription on the flag reads: 'God aiding us we will do our duty'.
Britain and America sign a treaty establishing an International Copyright agreement. Dickens, whose Bleak House
is also published this year, was a particularly outspoken critic of these laws, as his works were freely published in America without any protection over copyright or royalties. He had lobbied the American Congress over the issue during his North American reading tour of 1842.
Art and science
David Livingstone makes a six month journey from the Zambezi river to the west coast of Africa.Harriet Martineau translates The Positive Philosophy of August Comte
. A scientific approach to understanding the natural world and human and social relations, positivism has an important influence on the development of the social sciences.Holman Hunt exhibits his The Light of the World
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