© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1707
41 in. x 30 1/8 in. (1041 mm x 765 mm)
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1678 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
Elizabeth Burnet's book, A Method of Devotion (1709) ran to several editions. The third wife of the Bishop of Salisbury, Gilbert Burnet, she left her considerable fortune to her charities which included a hospital at Worcester and a school for poor children. Kneller's is the only known portrait type and was engraved in 1709 as the frontispiece to an account of her life.
The Acts of Union unites the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one sovereign state, Great Britain, and merges the parliaments of both states. Presiding over the negotiations for the union was the Lord Chancellor, William Cowper and Lord Seafield, Scottish Lord Chancellor.
Art and science
Antiquary, Humphrey Wanley, helps 're-found' the Society of Antiquaries which first meets at the Bear Tavern in the Strand. Originally established in 1586, it ceased to meet soon after the accession of James I.
Following failure to capture Toulon, Admiral Cloudesley Shovell's flagship 'Association' is shipwrecked in the Isles of Scilly, drowning her entire crew. Hispano-French army, led by James FitzJames, Duke of Berwick overwhelmingly defeat British forces under Henri de Massue de Ruvigny at Almanza, a defining battle in war against France.