© National Portrait Gallery, London
Unknown man, formerly known as John Hampden
attributed to Robert Walker Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1640s
29 in. x 24 in. (737 mm x 610 mm)
Given by T.W. Bacon, 1911
- John Hampden (1595-1643), Politician and one of the 'Five Members' whose arrest by Charles I sparked the Civil War. Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
- Robert Walker (1599-1658), Painter. Artist associated with 137 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Piper, David, Catalogue of Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery, 1625-1714, 1963, p. 155
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 693
Second Bishops' War. James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, leading the Scottish armies, occupies northeast of England. Defeat at the Battle of Newburn forces impoverished Charles to sign Treaty of Ripon. Long Parliament. Habeas Corpus Act is passed, abolishing the Star Chamber. Impeachment of Royalists, Earl of Strafford and Archbishop Laud.
Art and science
Author, James Howell, writes Dodona's Grove
, a historical allegory of events since 1603. A renowned royalist, Howell's anti-parliamentary remarks in the book would later attract accusations from parliamentarians. The last Caroline masque before the outbreak of civil war, Salmacida Spolia
by Sir William Davenant, is performed at Whitehall Palace.
Frederick William becomes Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia. The Elector's policy of religious tolerance benefited his state during the religious struggles dominating the Thirty Years' War. The Bay Psalm Book
is published, the first book to be printed in British North America.