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The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840

1 of 4 portraits of M.M. Isambert

The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840, by Benjamin Robert Haydon, 1841 - NPG 599 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840

by Benjamin Robert Haydon
oil on canvas, 1841
117 in. x 151 in. (2972 mm x 3836 mm)
Given by British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, 1880
Primary Collection
NPG 599


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Artistback to top

  • Benjamin Robert Haydon (1786-1846), History painter and diarist. Artist associated with 34 portraits, Sitter in 10 portraits.

Sittersback to top

  • Professor Adam (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter associated with 6 portraits.
  • Edward Adey (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • George William Alexander (1802-1890), Treasurer of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Richard Allen (1787-1873), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Stafford Allen (1806-1889), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Allen (1770-1843), Chemist and philanthropist. Sitter in 9 portraits.
  • Sir Edward Baines (1800-1890), Journalist, politician; MP for Leeds and educationist. Sitter in 5 portraits.
  • Edward Baldwin (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Saxe Bannister (1790-1877), Pamphleteer. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Edward Barrett (active 1840), Emancipated slave and slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Richard Barrett (1784-1855), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Isaac Bass (1782-1855), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Abraham Beaumont (1782-1848), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Beaumont (1788-1862), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Mrs John Beaumont (1790-1853), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Beaumont (1790-1869), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Henry Beckford (active 1840), Emancipated slave and slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • George Bennett (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Bevan (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Thomas Binney (Benny) (1798-1874), Nonconformist divine. Sitter in 13 portraits.
  • James Gillespie Birney (1792-1857), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Birt (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter associated with 5 portraits.
  • Jonathan Blackhouse (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • W.T. Blair (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Boultbee (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Samuel Bowly (1802-1884), Quaker and anti-slavery agitator. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Sir John Bowring (1792-1872), Political economist, traveller and the 4th Governor of Hong Kong. Sitter associated with 18 portraits.
  • George Bradburn (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Brock (1807-1875), Dissenting divine. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Anne Isabella, Lady Byron (1792-1860), Wife of Lord Byron. Sitter in 7 portraits.
  • Thomas Bulley (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Burnet (1789-1862), Pastor of Mansion House Chapel, Camberwell; slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 5 portraits.
  • Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, 1st Bt (1786-1845), Philanthropist. Sitter in 13 portraits.
  • Tapper Cadbury (1768-1860), Birmingham manufacturer and slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • James Carlile (1784-1854), Divine. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Peter Clare (1781-1851), Slavery abolitionist; secretary of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester. Sitter in 6 portraits.
  • Mary Clarkson (active 1840), Daughter-in-law of Thomas Clarkson. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Thomas Clarkson (1760-1846), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 11 portraits.
  • Thomas Clarkson (active 1840), Grandson of Thomas Clarkson. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Nathaniel Colver (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Josiah Conder (1789-1855), Bookseller. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Joseph Cooper (1800-1881), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Francis Augustus Cox (1783-1853), Baptist preacher. Sitter in 5 portraits.
  • Isaac Crewdson (1780-1844), Writer. Sitter in 5 portraits.
  • John Cropper (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Dawes (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • James Dean (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Dillworth (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Joseph Eaton (1793-1858), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Ellis (1789-1862), Railway promoter. Sitter in 5 portraits.
  • William Fairbank (1771-1846), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Josiah Forster (1782-1870), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Robert Forster (1792-1871), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Forster (1784-1854), Quaker philanthropist and minister. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Samuel Fox (1781-1868), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Eton Galusha (active 1840), American Baptist minister and slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • B. Godwin (active 1840), Baptist preacher and slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Robert Kaye Greville (1794-1866), Botanist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Cyrus Pitt Grosvenor (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Samuel Gurney (1786-1856), Philanthropist; known as 'The Banker's Banker'. Sitter in 8 portraits.
  • George Head Head (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Howard Hinton (1791-1873), Baptist minister. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Isaac Hodgson (1783-1847), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • M.M. Isambert (1792-1857), French slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Angell James (1785-1859), Independent minister. Sitter in 7 portraits.
  • William James (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Sir John Jeremie (1795-1841), Colonial judge. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • J.H. Johnson (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Kay (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Keep (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Joseph Ketley (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Knibb (1803-1845), Missionary and slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 6 portraits.
  • Ann Knight (1792-1868), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Leatham (1783-1842), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • L.C. Lecesne (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • C. Edwards Lester (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • M. L'Instant (active 1840), Haitian slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Samuel Lucas (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Stephen Lushington (1782-1873), Judge. Sitter in 17 portraits.
  • T.M. McDonnell (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Richard Robert Madden (1798-1886), Writer. Sitter in 5 portraits.
  • Joseph Marriage (1807-1884), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Jonathan Miller (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Constantine Richard Moorsom (1792-1861), Vice-Admiral. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Thomas Morgan (active 1840). Sitter in 5 portraits.
  • William Morgan (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Morrison (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • James Mott (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Lucretia Mott (1793-1880), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Dr Murch (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John T. Norton (active 1840), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Daniel O'Connell (1775-1847), Irish politician; MP for several constituencies. Sitter associated with 203 portraits.
  • Amelia Opie (1769-1853), Novelist and poet; second wife of John Opie. Sitter in 7 portraits, Artist associated with 1 portrait.
  • Elizabeth Pease (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Joseph Pease (1772-1846), Reformer. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Richard Peek (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Wendell Phillips (1811-1884), American slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Thomas Pinches (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Jacob Post (1774-1855), Quaker. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Samuel J. Prescod (active 1840), Barbadian slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Thomas Price (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • G.K. Prince (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Richard Rathbone (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Mrs Rawson (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Joseph Reynolds (1769-1859), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Joseph Sams (1784-1860), Orientalist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Thomas Scales (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Scoble (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Smeal (1792-1877), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Edward Smith (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Joseph Soul (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • George Stacey (1787-1857), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Henry B. Stanton (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Edward Steane (1798-1882), Baptist minister and slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 5 portraits.
  • John Steer (1780-1856), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Henry Sterry (1803-1869), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Richard Sterry (1785-1865), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Charles Stovel (active 1840), Baptist minister and slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Charles Stuart (active 1841), Jamaican slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Sturge (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Joseph Sturge (1793-1859), Quaker and philanthropist. Sitter associated with 8 portraits.
  • Thomas Swan (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Tatum (1783-1862), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Henry Taylor (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Taylor (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • George Thompson (1804-1878), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 8 portraits.
  • J. Harfield Tredgold (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Mrs Tredgold (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Henry Tuckett (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • David Turnbull (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Richard D. Webb (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Samuel Wheeler (1776-1858), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • James Whitehorne (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • Sir John Eardley Eardley-Wilmot, 1st Bt (1783-1847), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • William Wilson (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
  • John Woodmark (active 1840), Slavery abolitionist. Sitter in 4 portraits.

This portraitback to top

In 1787 a small, mainly Quaker group led by Thomas Clarkson (1760-1846) formed The Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade. Their cause seemed hopeless as slavery was crucial to Britain's economy but popular feeling was on their side. The French Revolution and the backlash against British Radicalism temporarily stalled the campaign for anti-slavery campaign. The Society's Parliamentary spokesman William Wilberforce finally oversaw the triumphant passing of the Abolition of the Slave Trade Act in 1807. The Great Reform Act of 1832 swept away many of the old pro-slavery MPs and the final emancipation of slaves in British colonies was effected in 1833. This monumental painting records the 1840 convention of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society which was established to promote worldwide abolition. A frail and elderly Clarkson addresses a meeting of over 500 delegates. Identifiable portraits include the liberated slave Henry Beckford (b. c. 1809), in the foreground, the Irish Radical Daniel O'Connell (1775-1847) and the prison reformer Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845). Haydon later wrote: 'a liberated slave, now a delegate, is looking up to Clarkson with deep interest … this is the point of interest in the picture, and illustrative of the object in painting it, the African sitting by the intellectual European, in equality and intelligence'.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG 3782: Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, 1st Bt (study)
  • NPG D20516: 'The Abolition of the Slave Trade' (The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840) (after)
  • NPG D23546: 'The Abolition of the Slave Trade' (The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840) (after)
  • NPG D20517: Key to The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840 (key)
  • NPG D20518: Key to The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840 (key)
  • NPG D20519: Key to The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840 (key)
  • NPG D20520: Key to The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840 (key)
  • NPG D23547: Key to The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840 (key)
  • NPG D32033: 'The Abolition of the Slave Trade' (The Anti-Slavery Society Convention, 1840) (after)

Linked publicationsback to top