© National Portrait Gallery, London
George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle
by David Loggan Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1661
12 1/2 in. x 8 5/8 in. (318 mm x 219 mm)
- David Loggan (1634-1692), Artist and engraver. Artist associated with 191 portraits.
- NPG D19119: George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle (from same plate)
- NPG D19207: George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle (from same plate)
The Cavalier Parliament, with pro-royalist-Anglican majority, begins passing legislation to enforce conformity to the restored Church of England. These statues became known as the 'Clarendon Code', named after, Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, erroneously, since Clarendon favoured a more tolerate approach. Coronation of Charles II in Westminster Abbey.
Art and science
Prince Rupert, Count Palatine, the earliest practitioner of mezzotint engraving in England, demonstrates the technique to diarist John Evelyn. The Sceptical Chymist
by natural philosopher, Robert Boyle is published; in it Boyle argues for a more philosophical approach to the study of nature by 'chymists'.
The marriage treaty of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza, sister of the Afonso VI, King of Portugal is concluded. Catherine's dowry brings Mumbai and Tangiers into British possession, as well as free trade with Brazil and the East Indies. England, in return, would provide military protection for Portugal.