Men of Science Living in 1807-8
2 of 9 portraits of John Playfair
Men of Science Living in 1807-8
by Sir John Gilbert, and Frederick John Skill, and William Walker, and Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds)
pencil and wash, 1858-1862
32 1/8 in. x 53 in. (815 mm x 1346 mm)
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Artistsback to top
- Sir John Gilbert (1817-1897), Painter and illustrator. Artist associated with 9 portraits, Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
- Frederick John Skill (1824-1881). Artist associated with 3 portraits.
- Elizabeth Walker (née Reynolds) (1800-1876), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 10 portraits.
- William Walker (1791-1867), Photographer, engraver and publisher. Artist associated with 119 portraits.
Sittersback to top
- William Allen (1770-1843), Chemist and philanthropist. Sitter in 9 portraits.
- Francis Baily (1774-1844), Astronomer; President of the Astronomical Society. Sitter in 5 portraits.
- Sir Joseph Banks, Bt (1743-1820), Explorer and botanist. Sitter associated with 35 portraits.
- Samuel Bentham (1757-1831), Naval architect. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Matthew Boulton (1728-1809), Industrialist and entrepreneur. Sitter in 14 portraits.
- Joseph Bramah (1748-1814), Inventor. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Robert Brown (1773-1858), Botanist. Sitter in 9 portraits.
- Sir Marc Isambard Brunel (1769-1849), Civil engineer. Sitter in 10 portraits.
- Edmund Cartwright (1743-1823), Inventor. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Henry Cavendish (1731-1810), Physicist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Sir William Congreve, 2nd Bt (1772-1828), Military inventor. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Samuel Crompton (1753-1827), Inventor. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- John Dalton (1766-1844), Chemist and pioneer in nuclear physics. Sitter in 15 portraits.
- Sir Humphry Davy, Bt (1778-1829), Natural philosopher. Sitter in 20 portraits.
- Peter Dollond (1731-1820), Optician. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Bryan Donkin (1768-1855), Inventor and engineer. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Archibald Cochrane, 9th Earl of Dundonald (1749-1831), Chemist. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Henry Fourdrinier (1766-1854), Inventor. Sitter in 2 portraits.
- Davies Gilbert (1767-1839), Scientist and antiquary; President of the Royal Society. Sitter in 9 portraits.
- Charles Hatchett (1765?-1847), Chemist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- William Henry (1774-1836), Chemist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Sir William Herschel (1738-1822), Astronomer. Sitter in 12 portraits.
- Edward Charles Howard (1774-1816), Scientist and sugar refiner. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Joseph Huddart (1741-1816), Hydrographer and manufacturer. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Edward Jenner (1749-1823), Surgeon; discoverer of vaccination. Sitter in 11 portraits.
- William Jessop (1745-1814), Civil engineer. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Henry Kater (1777-1835), Scientist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Sir John Leslie (1766-1832), Scientist and mathematician. Sitter in 5 portraits.
- Nevil Maskelyne (1732-1811), Astronomer Royal. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Henry Maudslay (1771-1831), Engineer. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Patrick Miller (1731-1815), Pioneer of steam navigation. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- William Murdock (1754-1839), Inventor of gas lighting. Sitter in 5 portraits.
- Robert Mylne (1733-1811), Architect and civil engineer. Sitter in 9 portraits.
- Alexander Nasmyth (1758-1840), Painter and scientist. Sitter in 3 portraits, Artist associated with 6 portraits.
- John Playfair (1748-1819), Mathematician and geologist. Sitter in 9 portraits.
- John Rennie Sr (1761-1821), Civil engineer; father of Sir John Rennie Jr. Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
- Sir Francis Ronalds (1788-1873), Inventor of the electric telegraph and meteorologist. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count von Rumford (1753-1814), Scientist; founder of the Royal Institution. Sitter in 9 portraits.
- Daniel Rutherford (1749-1819), Physician and botanist. Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope (1753-1816), Scientist and politician; MP for Wycombe. Sitter associated with 46 portraits.
- William Symington (1763-1831), Engineer. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Thomas Telford (1757-1834), Engineer. Sitter in 11 portraits.
- Charles Tennant (1768-1838), Manufacturing chemist. Sitter in 5 portraits.
- Thomas Thomson (1773-1852), Chemist. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- Richard Trevithick (1771-1833), Engineer and inventor. Sitter in 3 portraits.
- James Watt (1736-1819), Engineer. Sitter in 17 portraits.
- William Hyde Wollaston (1766-1828), Physiologist, chemist and physicist. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- Thomas Young (1773-1829), Physician, physicist and Egyptologist. Sitter associated with 7 portraits.
Related worksback to top
Linked publicationsback to top
- Ingamells, John, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, 2004, p. 505
- Ormond, Richard, Early Victorian Portraits, 1973, p. 447
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 710
- Walker, Richard, Regency Portraits, 1985, p. 18, 102, 127, 136, 142, 149, 237, 266, 357, 605
Placesback to top
- Place portrayed: United Kingdom: England, London (Upper Library, The Royal Institution, London)
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1858back to top
Current affairsAfter Palmerstone's government collapses, the Earl of Derby becomes Prime Minister for second time, again heading a minority government.
The Property qualification for MPs is abolished; one of the demands made by the Chartists, this allowed men who did not own property to stand as parliamentary candidates. Lionel Nathan Rothschild becomes the first Jew to sit in Britain's House of Commons, taking his oath on the Old Testament.
Art and scienceThe pianist Charles Hallé founds a symphony orchestra in Manchester, the Halle; now Britain's oldest professional orchestra. The Hallé symphony rose to prominence in the mid-20th century, under the tenure of conductor John Barbirolli, during which time they made many recordings, including Ralph Vaughan Williams's Symphony No. 8.
InternationalThe British Crown assumes control of India from the East India Company.
The Treaty of Tientsin, ending the Second Opium War, gives European powers new rights to intervene in Chinese affairs
The Fenian Brotherhood is founded by John O'Mahony, an Irish emigrant to the United States, to support Irish republican ambitions.