Five Children of King Charles I

1 portrait of King Charles II

Five Children of King Charles I, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck, 17th century (1637) - NPG 267 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Five Children of King Charles I

after Sir Anthony Van Dyck
oil on canvas, 17th century (1637)
35 1/4 in. x 69 3/8 in. (895 mm x 1762 mm)
Purchased, 1868
Primary Collection
NPG 267


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Sittersback to top

  • Princess Anne (1636-1640), Third daughter of Charles I. Sitter in 7 portraits.
  • King Charles II (1630-1685), Reigned 1660-85. Sitter associated with 292 portraits.
  • Princess Elizabeth (1635-1650), Daughter of Charles I. Sitter associated with 15 portraits.
  • King James II (1633-1701), Reigned 1685-8. Sitter associated with 128 portraits.
  • Mary, Princess of Orange (1631-1660), Daughter of Charles I; wife of William II of Orange-Nassau. Sitter associated with 49 portraits.

Artistback to top

  • Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 996 portraits, Sitter associated with 28 portraits.

This portraitback to top

The five children of Charles I are shown left to right: Princess Mary, (later Princess of Orange and mother of William III); James, Duke of York, (later James II); Prince Charles, (later Charles II); Princess Elizabeth and, in her sister's lap, Princess Anne. The future Charles II rests his hand on the head of an enormous mastiff. The mastiff had been a guard dog since Roman times and appears here as a protector for the royal children at a time of civil unrest. Nonetheless, the position of the young Prince's hand suggests that he is capable of ruling this powerful beast and, by implication, his country. The original of this group portrait was painted for Charles I in 1637, and is still in the Royal Collection. It shows the children at full length with two dogs, the mastiff depicted here and a small 'King Charles' spaniel at the right. Along with Van Dyck's earlier picture of the three eldest children, it was an immensely popular composition, and was copied many times. Van Dyck's relatively informal group of royal children contrasts markedly with the stiff, formal portraits of a generation earlier.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D11400: The Five Eldest Children of King Charles I (related to)
  • NPG D32119: Five Children of King Charles I (after)

Linked publicationsback to top

Linked displays and exhibitionsback to top