Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll; Countess of Argyll

1 portrait

Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll; Countess of Argyll, by Unknown artist, 1660s - NPG 3902 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll; Countess of Argyll

by Unknown artist
oil on canvas, 1660s
43 3/8 in. x 64 1/4 in. (1101 mm x 1632 mm)
Purchased, 1954
Primary Collection
NPG 3902

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Argyll, a royalist, was the captain of Charles II's Scottish lifeguard (1650) and joined the highland royalists in 1653. Having made his peace with Oliver Cromwell on the advice of Charles in 1655, he was however imprisoned two years later under suspicion of plotting a royalist rising. When Charles was restored to the throne in 1660 Argyll was welcomed to his court but a year later his father was charged with high treason, and he too was imprisoned and sentenced to death. The ninth earl was spared but, twenty years later, he was again charged with treason and finally executed, without trial, in 1685. In this double portrait with his wife, Argyll holds the staff of the Master of the King's Household in Scotland, an office which is the hereditary right of the Earls of Argyll.

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Piper, David, Catalogue of Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery, 1625-1714, 1963, p. 11
  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 16