© National Portrait Gallery, London
by William Behnes Click on the links below to find out more
marble bust, 1849
30 in. (762 mm) high
Given by James Lee, 1864
- Thomas Arnold (1795-1842), Headmaster of Rugby School. Sitter in 5 portraits.
- William Behnes (1794-1864), Sculptor. Artist associated with 31 portraits.
- Foister, Susan, Cardinal Newman 1801-90, 1990 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 2 March - 20 May 1990), p. 17
- Ormond, Richard, Early Victorian Portraits, 1973, p. 17
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 18
Benjamin Disraeli becomes Conservative leader in the House of Commons.Bedford College for Women is founded, following on from the foundation of Queen's College for Women the previous year.Henry Mayhew, the social researcher and reform advocate, begins publishing his extensive statistical survey into the living conditions of urban communities, London Labour and the London Poor
in the Morning Chronicle
Art and science
With the death of his father Johann Strauss the Elder, Johann Baptist Strauss, the Austrian violinist and composer combines his and his father's orchestra, becoming known as 'the Waltz King'. His famous waltzes include The Blue Danube
(1867). Dante Gabriel Rossetti paints his sister, the poet Christina, in The Girlhood of Mary Virgin
Rome is briefly proclaimed a republic after the papal states are overthrown by Italian republicans. Napoleon's dependency on French Catholics leads him however to help restore papal authority. The restoration of Austrian military rule in Italy further darkens hopes of a self-ruling Italian nationhood. Communist riots are suppressed in Paris.