© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sir Francis Leggatt Chantrey Click on the links below to find out more
16 1/2 in. x 10 in. (419 mm x 254 mm)
Given by Mrs George Jones, 1871
Anti-Trade Union Combination Acts of 1799 and 1800 are repealed after persuasive arguments from radical Francis Place that prohibition of workers' combinations only increased their appeal. The unions had been banned for fear that they were becoming involved in democratic politics.
Art and science
National Gallery is established when Parliament agrees to purchase a collection of thirty-eight paintings from the estate of philanthropist John Julius Angerstein. William Seguier is appointed first Keeper.Society of British Artists holds its first exhibition, aiming to appeal to a broader art public than those who visited the Royal Academy.
Lord Byron dies of a fever at Missolonghi while fighting in the Greek War of Independence. Britain declares war on Burma after threat of Indian invasion. Singapore is ceded to Britain.John Constable's Haywain
receives Gold Medal at the Paris Salon.