© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sarah Brown Click on the links below to find out more
paste medallion, 1807
3 in. x 2 1/4 in. (76 mm x 57 mm)
- Matthew Boulton (1728-1809), Industrialist and entrepreneur. Sitter in 14 portraits.
Act is passed abolishing the British slave trade after vigorous campaigning by hundreds of thousands of people led by Thomas Clarkson and championed in parliament by reformer William Wilberforce.Resignation of 'Ministry of all the Talents'. Whig politician William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, Duke of Portland, succeeds as Prime Minister.
Art and science
Thomas Hope publishes Household Furniture and Interior Decoration
; influential in promoting Greek and especially Egyptian models as the epitome of fashionable style.
French invasion of Spain and Portugal.Britain occupies Copenhagen and captures the Danish fleet.Napoleon begins to wage an economic battle against Britain, recognising the impossibility of victory at sea because of Britain's superior naval power. He aims to close the entire European coastline to British trade.