- Extended Catalogue Entry
by Michele Gordigiani
oil on canvas, 1858
28 1/2 in. x 23 1/8 in. (724 mm x 587 mm)
Given by Florence Barclay, 1921
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Sitterback to top
- Robert Browning (1812-1889), Poet; husband of Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Sitter in 52 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Although he is not much read today, Browning is regarded as one of the greatest Victorian poets. This portrait of him was commissioned by an American admirer, Sophia Eckley, when Browning and his wife Elizabeth Barrett Browning were living in Florence. Mrs Eckley was determined that it would be the best available likeness of him and wrote on the stretcher that Browning described it as an 'Incomparable Portrait by far the best ever taken'. It is certainly suggestive of his intense and cerebral character; but according to W.M. Rossetti, writing after Browning's death, 'The face in this portrait is certainly a highly intellectual one; but I think it is treated with too much morbidezza, so as to lack some of that extreme keenness, which characterized Browning.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Funnell, Peter (introduction); Marsh, Jan, A Guide to Victorian and Edwardian Portraits, 2011, p. 38
- Ormond, Richard, Early Victorian Portraits, 1973, p. 72
- Saumarez Smith, Charles, The National Portrait Gallery: An Illustrated Guide, 2000, p. 130
- Saumarez Smith, Charles, The National Portrait Gallery, 1997, p. 130
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 83
- Various contributors, National Portrait Gallery: A Portrait of Britain, 2014, p. 144
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1858back to top
Current affairsAfter Palmerstone's government collapses, the Earl of Derby becomes Prime Minister for second time, again heading a minority government.
The Property qualification for MPs is abolished; one of the demands made by the Chartists, this allowed men who did not own property to stand as parliamentary candidates. Lionel Nathan Rothschild becomes the first Jew to sit in Britain's House of Commons, taking his oath on the Old Testament.
Art and scienceThe pianist Charles Hallé founds a symphony orchestra in Manchester, the Halle; now Britain's oldest professional orchestra. The Hallé symphony rose to prominence in the mid-20th century, under the tenure of conductor John Barbirolli, during which time they made many recordings, including Ralph Vaughan Williams's Symphony No. 8.
InternationalThe British Crown assumes control of India from the East India Company.
The Treaty of Tientsin, ending the Second Opium War, gives European powers new rights to intervene in Chinese affairs
The Fenian Brotherhood is founded by John O'Mahony, an Irish emigrant to the United States, to support Irish republican ambitions.
See this portrait
On display in Room 24 at the National Portrait Gallery