© National Portrait Gallery, London
after Arnold Bronckorst Click on the links below to find out more
oil on panel, 1581
13 3/4 in. x 11 in. (349 mm x 279 mm)
Transferred from British Museum, 1879
- George Buchanan (1506-1582), Historian and scholar. Sitter associated with 27 portraits.
Sir Francis Drake is knighted on board his ship the Golden Hind
.The heir to the French crown, François, Duke of Anjou comes to England to finalise marriage negotiations with Elizabeth I. He returns home unsuccessful the following year.Parliament passes legislation against Catholicism. The Jesuit missionary Edmund Campion is executed for treason.
Art and science
The mathematician Norman Robert publishes a pioneering study of magnetism The Newe Attractive
The first ballet Ballet Comique de la Reine
by Balthasar de Beaujoyeulx is performed in Paris.
The Oath of Abjuration - the seven northern, Protestant provinces of the Netherlands formally renounce their allegiance to Philip II of Spain and become an independent republic, the United Provinces .Stephen Báthory of Poland invades Russia as part of the Livonian war.Akbar, Mughal Emperor of India, conquers Kabul (in present-day Afghanistan).Arjan Dev becomes the fifth of the ten Sikh Gurus.