© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Malcolm Campbell
by H.A. Stermann Click on the links below to find out more
resin and bronze life-mask, circa 1935
10 5/8 in. (270 mm) high
Given by George Henry Clarke, 1960
- Sir Malcolm Campbell (1885-1948), Racing motorist; holder of land and water speed records. Sitter in 8 portraits.
Given by George Henry Clarke, 1960.
Stanley Baldwin starts his third term as Prime Minister after Ramsay Macdonald resigns due to ill health. Coincidentally, Baldwin's first term in office also came about when the Prime Minister of the time, Bonar Law, stepped down due to illness in 1923.
Art and science
Robert Watson-Watt demonstrates Radar, showing how an aircraft can be tracked by detecting radio waves reflected off it. During the war, Watson-Watt established a network of machines and operators that helped detect the approach of enemy aircraft in the Battle of Britain.Penguin publishes its first paperback books, making reading more portable and affordable to a wider audience.
Italy invades Abyssinia. The invasion of the country now known as Ethiopia was part of Mussolini's plan to create an Italian Empire. It was also an attempt to avenge Abyssinia's victory over the Italian army at Adowa in 1896.Germany introduces conscription, breaking the disarmament clause of the Treaty of Versailles.