4 of 20 portraits of Thomas Campbell
by William Brockedon
black and red chalk, 1842
14 1/2 in. x 10 3/4 in. (368 mm x 273 mm)
Transferred from National Gallery, 1994
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Artistback to top
- William Brockedon (1787-1854), Painter, writer and inventor. Artist associated with 112 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
Events of 1842back to top
Current affairsEdwin Chadwick publishes his damning report, Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor, which details the shocking living conditions of the urban poor and prompts government to take a new interest in public health issues.
A year-long depression and the rejection of the Chartist petition leads to riots, with workers striking in the Midlands, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and parts of Scotland.
Art and scienceMudie's Lending Library opens, becoming one of the largest circulating libraries in the period. Made popular by the otherwise high cost of books, it exerts a great influence over literature; both by maintaining the more costly 'three decker' novel structure, and acting as moral censor.
Richard Owen, the English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, coins the term 'dinosaur', combining the Greek words for 'formidable' and 'reptile'.