© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sir Alfred Gilbert Click on the links below to find out more
plaster cast of death-mask, 1881
10 1/4 in. (260 mm) high
Given by Mrs William Edward Hartpole Lecky, 1904
- Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881), Historian and essayist. Sitter associated with 82 portraits.
- Sir Alfred Gilbert (1854-1934), Sculptor and goldsmith. Artist of 2 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
Benjamin Disraeli dies of bronchitis. He refuses a state funeral and is buried next to his wife, Mary Ann Viscountess Beaconsfield.Gladstone's Irish Land Act is passed in a bid to stop violence carried out by the republican Land League, conducted in protest at the 1870 Land Act. Henry Mayers Hyndman forms the Marxist Democratic Federation.
Art and science
The Natural History Museum is opened on Exhibition Road, South Kensington. The museum, a landmark gothic design by the architect Alfred Waterhouse, was built to house specimens from the natural sciences, previously in the British Museum's collection. Today, the museum comprises of over 70 million items, and is a world-renowned research centre.
Alexander II is assassinated in a bomb attack by members of a left-wing revolutionary movement. He was succeeded by his son, Tsar Alexander III. US President James Garfield is shot by Charles Guiteau. The first Anglo-Boer war ends. The war is started by a Boer uprising, as the British had annexed the Transvaal in 1877. Following Britain's defeat at the Battle of Majuba Hill, a truce is signed giving the Boers self-government and later independence.