© National Portrait Gallery, London
Caroline Wilhelmina of Brandenburg-Ansbach
after Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, (1716)
38 3/8 in. x 24 3/8 in. (975 mm x 619 mm)
Transferred from British Museum, 1879
- Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (1646-1723), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 1679 portraits, Sitter associated with 30 portraits.
This is a copy of a portrait made by Sir Godfrey Kneller in 1716, now at Buckingham Palace. Caroline wear robes of state and rests her hand on her crown as Princess of Wales. She would become Queen in 1727 on the death of her father-in-law, George I. More detailed information on this portrait is available in a National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue, John Kerslake's Early Georgian Portraits (1977, out of print).
- Bennett, Sue, Five Centuries of Women and Gardens, 2000 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 5 October 2000 to 21 January 2001), p. 49
- Kerslake, John, Early Georgian Portraits, 1977, p. 31
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 105
Failure of the Jacobite rebellion. John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll disperses the remainder of the Jacobite troops. The Pretender, James Stuart, flees to France. Jacobite leaders James Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater and William Gordon, 6th Viscount of Kenmure are executed. Septennial Act extends life of parliament from three to seven years.
Art and science
Artist Philip Mercier settles in England from Paris. Physicist and Astronomer Royal Edmond Halley suggests a precise measurement of the distance between the Earth and the Sun by timing the transit of Venus.
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu leaves for Turkey with her husband who takes up the post of Ambassador to Constantinople. While there she writes a series of letters, observing contemporary Turkish life, later to be published as the celebrated Turkish Embassy Letters. Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI has a son, but the child dies within the year.