Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

1 portrait on display in Room 17 at the National Portrait Gallery

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1804 - NPG 244 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by Sir Thomas Lawrence
oil on canvas, 1804
55 1/4 in. x 44 in. (1403 mm x 1118 mm)
Purchased, 1867
Primary Collection
NPG 244


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  • Sir Thomas Lawrence (1769-1830), Portrait painter, collector and President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 683 portraits, Sitter in 25 portraits.

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This portrait of Caroline of Brunswick was painted after her separation from the Prince of Wales. Thomas Lawrence - rumoured to be among her lovers - depicts her here in defiant mood, her left hand and wedding ring deep in shadow. Her dress is of striking red velvet. Its ruff of fine muslin and 'rolled-up' sleeves, secured with gold braid, illustrate the popularity of the Renaissance as an influence on female court costume at this time. A tight whaleboned corset worn underneath this gown accentuates Caroline's figure. Her matching hat is trimmed with bird-of-paradise feathers and she is heavily rouged. Court fashions were often rather removed from those of the world outside; the outdated hooped dresses of the 1740s, for example, were still worn until around 1820.

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