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Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

3 of 89 portraits of Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick, by James Lonsdale, circa 1820 - NPG 498 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth of Brunswick

by James Lonsdale
oil on canvas, circa 1820
30 in. x 25 1/4 in. (762 mm x 641 mm)
Given by the artist's son, James John Lonsdale, 1873
Primary Collection
NPG 498


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  • James Lonsdale (1777-1839), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 106 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.

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Caroline, the daughter of the Duke of Brunswick, was the woman the Prince of Wales (later George IV) was forced to marry in order to liquidate his debts. They separated after only a year of marriage and Caroline returned to the continent. This portrait of her was painted about the time of her return to England for her so-called 'trial', the proceedings of which were instigated by the king who wished to divorce her. It was painted by Lonsdale who styled himself as 'Principal Painter in Ordinary to the Queen' and shows Caroline before an open book with a view out onto a park. The arrangement of her hands is devised so that her wedding ring is on display, a deliberate attempt perhaps to emphasise her fidelity to her marriage vows.

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