© National Portrait Gallery, London
Catherine of Braganza
after Dirk Stoop Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, (circa 1660-1661)
24 1/2 in. x 21 3/4 in. (622 mm x 552 mm)
- Dirk Stoop (circa 1610-circa 1685). Artist associated with 8 portraits.
In this portrait Catherine is dressed in the Portuguese court style, which was mocked in England, leading her to quickly abandon it.
- NPG 2563: Catherine of Braganza (source portrait)
The Convention Parliament and Lords proclaim Charles II king after he issues a declaration from Breda offering an indemnity to those who had committed crimes against the crown during the civil war and Interregnum. Charles lands at Dover from The Hague on 25th May to great pomp and ceremony.
Art and science
Diarist Samuel Pepys starts his diary on 1st January, writing in shorthand. The diary became a unique social document, opening with a brief summary of his domestic situation and the political background. Dutch portrait painter, Peter Lely, is appointed principle painter to Charles II.Official foundation of the Royal Society.
The Anglo-Spanish War, begun by Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell, formally ends after the restoration of the British monarchy and peace is made with Philip IV of Spain.