© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sir Francis Carruthers Gould ('F.C.G.') Click on the links below to find out more
pen and ink, 1890s or 1900s?
6 1/4 in. x 3 3/8 in. (159 mm x 85 mm)
One of the dominating political personalities of the period, Chamberlain was a favourite subject of Gould's who recorded the twists and turns of his career in numerous caricatures. Chamberlain is reputed to have sent Gould a photograph of himself inscribed 'From the real Chamberlain to the author of the fictitious Chamberlain'.
William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, publishes In Darkest England
, in which he compares the supposedly 'civilised' England with 'Darkest Africa'. A critique of the degenerate state of society, Booth also proposed social welfare schemes to alleviate the sufferings of the urban poor.The world's first electric underground railway opens to the public in London, passing under the Thames and linking the City of London and Stockwell.
Art and science
William Morris founds the Kelmscott Press, a revival of art and craft techniques of book printing. Publications included The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer
(1896), with decorative designs and typeface by Morris and illustrations by Edward Burne-Jones. Vincent Van Gogh dies after shooting himself in the chest in Auvers-sur-Oise, France.Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray
first appears in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine
Cecil Rhodes, organiser of the diamond-mining De Beers Consolidated Mines, becomes premier of Cape Colony as part of his expansionist aims in South Africa. In Germany, Kaiser Wilhelm II dismisses Otto von Bismarck.An international anti-slavery conference is held in Brussels, leading to the signing of a treaty by all the major maritime nations covering action to be taken against the trade in Africa and suppression of it by sea.