© National Portrait Gallery, London
by John Bacon the Elder Click on the links below to find out more
marble relief, 1785
- Mason Chamberlin (1722-1787), Portrait painter. Sitter in 4 portraits, Artist associated with 10 portraits.
- John Bacon the Elder (1740-1799), Sculptor. Artist associated with 5 portraits, Sitter in 9 portraits.
George Prince of Wales secretly marries his mistress Maria Fitzherbert in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act of 1772.Prime Minister William Pitt introduces a bill proposing parliamentary reform and the abolition of 'rotten boroughs' but is defeated.
Art and science
William Cowper publishes his best -known poem The Task
.James Boswell publishes The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides
, narrating his travels with the late writer Samuel Johnson. Physician and naturalist James Hutton presents his studies of local rocks to the Royal Society of Edinburgh, launching the era of scientific geology.
Warren Hastings resigns as Governor-General of Bengal and returns to England. His trial begins on charges of corruption in the administration of India. French sculptor Jean Antoine Houdon crosses the Atlantic to sculpt a statue of George Washington. British government establishes a permanent land force in the Eastern Caribbean, based in Barbados.