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Prince Charles Edward Stuart

Prince Charles Edward Stuart, studio of Antonio David, circa 1729 - NPG 434 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Prince Charles Edward Stuart

studio of Antonio David
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1729
25 in. x 19 in. (635 mm x 483 mm)
Purchased, 1876
Primary Collection
NPG 434


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'Bonnie Prince Charlie', the grandson of James II, was born and educated in Rome. His father, the son of James and his second wife Mary of Modena, had been prevented from acceding to the throne by a group of powerful nobleman who preserved the Protestant succession by offering the crown to Prince William of Orange, later William III. Father and son in turn led their Catholic supporters, the 'Jacobites', and were respectively known as the 'Old Pretender' and the 'Young Pretender'. Prince Charlie's attempted invasion of 1744 was foiled by the English fleet at Dunkirk. A year later he landed in the Hebrides, entered Edinburgh, reached Derby but retreated and was crushed by the Duke of Cumberland at Culloden in 1746. He eventually escaped to France with the help of Flora McDonald. This portrait shows him at about nine years old and is one of a series painted over the years in Rome for his father. More detailed information on this portrait is available in a National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue, John Kerslake's Early Georgian Portraits (1977, out of print).

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  • NPG 435: Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart, Cardinal York (companion portrait)

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