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Charles Churchill

9 of 25 portraits on display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery

Charles Churchill, by J.S.C. Schaak, circa 1763-1764 - NPG 162 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Charles Churchill

by J.S.C. Schaak
oil on canvas, feigned oval, circa 1763-1764
28 3/4 in. x 24 1/2 in. (730 mm x 622 mm)
Purchased, 1863
Primary Collection
NPG 162


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Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

  • J.S.C. Schaak (active 1760-1770). Artist associated with 11 portraits.

This portraitback to top

Charles Churchill was the author of The Rosciad, 1761, a satire on contemporary actors in which only David Garrick escaped his vitriol. His other targets included the prime minister Lord Bute, the author Tobias Smollett and the artist William Hogarth. Churchill died on his way to visit his friend, John Wilkes, who was then living in exile in Paris. As this portrait shows him in civil dress, it was presumably painted after Churchill abandoned the Church in January 1763 and shortly before his early death. The frame to this portrait is neo-classical in style, with a large-scale open fretwork guilloche frieze and flat mitre leaves. It is of a type pioneered by Robert Adam in his designs for the Painted Breakfast Room at Kedleston, Derbyshire in 1761, and may date to the 1770s; it is not however original to this portrait. More detailed information on this portrait is available in a National Portrait Gallery collection catalogue, John Kerslake's Early Georgian Portraits (1977, out of print).

Related worksback to top

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Kerslake, John, Early Georgian Portraits, 1977, p. 52
  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 123
  • Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997)