© National Portrait Gallery, London
replica by Giuseppe Fagnani Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1865 (1860-1861)
40 1/4 in. x 31 3/4 in. (1022 mm x 806 mm)
- Richard Cobden (1804-1865), Politician; MP for several constituencies, manufacturer and free trade campaigner. Sitter in 50 portraits.
The original version of the portrait was painted in Paris where Cobden was engaged in successfully negotiating a commercial treaty with France. The treaty was signed by Barouche and Rouher for the French and by Lord Cowley and Cobden for the English; the signatures of the last three can be seen in the portrait.
An early feminist movement, The Society for Promoting the Employment of Women is founded by Adelaide Anne Proctor, Emily Faithfull, Helen Blackburn, Bessie Parks, Emily Davies, Barbara Bodichon, and Jessie Boucherett.The Florence Nightingale Training School for Nurses opens at St Thomas's Hospital, in London, funded from the testimonial fund collected for Nightingale following her war services, and helping to establish nursing as a profession.
Art and science
William Morris and new wife Jane Burden move into the Red House, near Bexleyheath, Kent. The house, designed by Philip Webb, represents Morris's principle in interior design, that no object should be in a house that is not beautiful.Ford Madox Brown paints The Last of England
, showing a boat of emigrants leaving England under desperate circumstances, inspired by the emigration of the Pre-Raphaelite Thomas Woolner to Australia in 1852.
Italian unification continues as the Treaty of Turin brings much of Northern Italy under nationalist leader Cavour's control, who cedes Savoy and Nice to France. Garibaldi siezes the opportunity to invade Marsala in Sicily with his army of 1,000 redshirts, proclaiming himself dictator in the name of Victor Emmanuel II. Republican Abraham Lincoln becomes President of the US, with only 39% of the popular vote.