© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir William Compton
by Henry Peart the Elder, after Sir Peter Lely Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, (circa 1655)
49 1/4 in. x 39 3/4 in. (1251 mm x 1010 mm)
- Sir Peter Lely (1618-1680), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 841 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Henry Peart the Elder (circa 1637-circa 1697 or 1698), Artist. Artist associated with 4 portraits.
- Piper, David, Catalogue of Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery, 1625-1714, 1963, p. 79
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 139
Secretary of State, John Thurloe, implements a highly efficient intelligence service and thwarts plans for a series of royalist uprisings which produced only Penruddock's revolt. Following ineffectual royalist riots, Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell, appoints nineteen Major-generals to manage regional government and prevent future challenges to the protectorate.
Art and science
Publication of the controversial work De corpore
, by philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, prompts mathematician, John Wallis to scornfully refute the work in Elenchus geometriae Hobbianae
, starting a bitter, long-running polemical dispute between the two men.
General Robert Venables and Admiral William Penn lead an expedition to the Caribbean to threaten Spanish trade routes and weaken Catholic influence in the New World. An integral part of Cromwell's foreign policy to curb Spanish power, the campaign, Cromwell's 'western design', fails leading to war in Europe.