© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Lucien Le Vieux Click on the links below to find out more
marble bust, 1790
23 in. (584 mm) high
- James Cook (1728-1779), Circumnavigator. Sitter associated with 15 portraits.
This antique-style marble bust is less a portrait than an idealisation that celebrates Cook's heroism.
- Ingamells, John, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, 2004, p. 114
- Jordanova, Ludmilla, Defining Features: Scientific and Medical Portraits 1660-2000, 2000 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 14 April to 17 September 2000), p. 90
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 142
Attempts to modify the Test and Corporation Acts are defeated, despite campaigning by dissenters such as the prominent Unitarian preacher and pamphleteer, Richard Price. The Acts prevented those outside the established church from holding government or military office.
Art and science
Joseph Mallord William Turner exhibits his first painting at the Royal Academy; a watercolour of The Archbishop's Palace, Lambeth.
The Firth to Clyde and Oxford to Birmingham canals are begun.
Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France.
A landmark work of opposition to the Revolution which offered a critique of the radical philosophy behind events in France; the Reflections
have been read as an articulation of the foundations of modern British conservatism. George Vancouver explores the north west coast of America.