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Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

2 of 14 portraits of Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, by John Smart, 1792 - NPG 4316 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

by John Smart
pencil and grey wash, feigned oval, 1792
7 1/4 in. x 6 5/8 in. (184 mm x 168 mm)
Purchased, 1963
Primary Collection
NPG 4316


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  • John Smart (1741-1811), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 19 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.

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As an experienced general and statesman, Cornwallis was appointed Viceroy of Ireland in 1798 as rebellion swept through the country. He advocated punishment of the ringleaders while sparing their followers. In the aftermath he sought to curb Irish political corruption though his administration used extensive bribery to force through the Act of Union (1801). When it became clear that the political rights promised to Catholics as part of the union settlement would not be conceded, Cornwallis resigned in disapproval.

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