© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Peter Blondeau, after an original by Thomas Simon Click on the links below to find out more
gold broad, 1656
1 1/8 in. (28 mm) diameter
- Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), Lord Protector of England. Sitter associated with 223 portraits.
- Peter Blondeau (active 1656-1664). Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Thomas Simon (1618-1665). Artist associated with 24 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Cooper, John, Oliver the First: Contemporary Images of Oliver Cromwell, 1999, p. 17
- Piper, David, Catalogue of Seventeenth Century Portraits in the National Portrait Gallery, 1625-1714, 1963, p. 98
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 155
The Quaker, James Nayler, rides on horseback into Bristol in imitation of Christ entering Jerusalem. He is imprisoned for blasphemy. Oliver Cromwell reluctantly calls a second Protectorate Parliament hoping a compliant parliament will raise money urgently required for the Anglo-Spanish War and maintenance of military government at home.
Art and science
Political theorist, James Harrington, publishes his influential magnus opus, The Commonwealth of Oceana
, which advocates for a utopian republic. Gardener and collector, John Tradescant the Younger, publishes England's first museum catalogue, Musaeum Tradescantianum
, for his museum of rarities housed in his home, called 'The Ark'.
War with Spain officially declared. Admiral, Edward Montagu, Earl of Sandwich concludes a treaty with Portugal eagerly requiring support to free itself from Spain. Admiral Robert Blake, keeping the fleet at sea throughout the winter to blockade Spain's coastline, enables Captain Richard Stayner to capture a Spanish plate fleet.