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William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

1 of 2 portraits on display at Culloden Battlefield Visitor Centre, Inverness

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, attributed to Christian Friedrich Zincke, circa 1743-1745 - NPG 6285 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

attributed to Christian Friedrich Zincke
enamel on copper, circa 1743-1745
1 1/2 in. x 1 1/4 in. (38 mm x 32 mm) oval
Transferred from National Gallery, 1994
Primary Collection
NPG 6285


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The third son of George II, the Duke of Cumberland served with distinction at Dettingen in 1743 and then defeated Prince Charles, the 'Young Pretender', at Culloden in 1746. He became known as 'The Butcher' for his subsequent treatment of the Highlanders. In this miniature he wears a scarlet coat embellished with gold-braid oak leaves, emblems of the Hanoverian victory at the Battle of Dettingen.

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