by George Romney
oil on canvas, circa 1776
49 in. x 39 in. (1245 mm x 991 mm)
Click on the links below to find out more:
Artistback to top
- George Romney (1734-1802), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 160 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Cumberland met Romney around 1768, and he was soon the artist's most prominent supporter, procuring commissions and garnering him mention in the papers. This characterful and sensitive portrait is just one of several that Romney painted of Cumberland. After a cooling in their friendship however, Cumberland's low-key obituary of Romney contributed to the eclipse of the artist's posthumous reputation.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Ingamells, John, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, 2004, p. 132
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 159
Events of 1776back to top
Current affairsTahitian visitor to London Omai returns home with Captain James Cook on his third voyage. During his two-year stay he inspired a play and was painted by Joshua Reynolds.
Member of Parliament David Hartley unsuccessfully introduces a motion to the House of Commons calling for the abolition of the slave trade.
Art and scienceEdward Gibbon produces the first volume of his monumental The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
Artist John Constable is born.
Scottish economist Adam Smith analyses the nature and causes of prosperity in his magnum opus The Wealth of Nations.
InternationalAmerican War of Independence: George Washington raises a new American flag on Prospect Hill, Boston. In an anonymous pamphlet entitled Common Sense, English immigrant Thomas Paine is the first to argue that the American colonies should be independent. Declaration of American Independence on 4 July.
See this portrait
On display in Room 12 at the National Portrait Gallery