© National Portrait Gallery, London
Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire
by Sir Hubert von Herkomer Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1897
55 in. x 43 in. (1397 mm x 1092 mm)
Given by Sir William Cuthbert Quilter, 1st Bt, 1909
- Sir Hubert von Herkomer (1849-1914), Painter and illustrator. Artist associated with 47 portraits, Sitter in 11 portraits.
Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee is marked by a series of celebratory events, and attended by eleven colonial prime ministers following the Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain's proposal that the Jubilee be made a festival of the British Empire. The Workmen's Compensation Act gives workmen a right to a limited compensation in every case of injury by accident arising from the course of employment; it is a landmark piece of legislation in employment law.
Art and science
Bram Stoker's Dracula
is first published.Henry Tate of the Tate and Lyle sugar company donates his art collection to the nation, buying land and building a gallery space for it (now Tate Britain).Physician and psychologist Havelock Ellis publishes the first volume of his Studies in the Psychology of Sex
, and the English physicist John Thompson discovers the existence of the electron.
The burning of Benin city by Britain takes place, known also as the Punitive Exhibition of 1897. The excursion, led by Admiral Sir Harry Rawson, was a response to an attack by Benin warriors on a British delegation sent to settle a dispute over customs duties collected by British traders. During the expedition the British Admiralty destroyed much of the city's treasured art, including the Benin Bronzes, auctioning off the rest as war booty to recoup costs.