Sir Francis Drake

1 portrait

Sir Francis Drake, attributed to Jodocus Hondius, completed by  George Vertue, circa 1583 - NPG 3905 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir Francis Drake

attributed to Jodocus Hondius, completed by George Vertue
engraving, circa 1583
15 1/2 in. x 12 in. (394 mm x 305 mm)
Transferred from National Portrait Gallery Reference Collection, 1954
Primary Collection
NPG 3905


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Sitterback to top

  • Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596), Admiral and circumnavigator. Sitter associated with 36 portraits.

Artistsback to top

  • Jodocus Hondius (1563-1611). Artist associated with 10 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
  • George Vertue (1683-1756), Engraver and antiquary. Artist associated with 852 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.

This portraitback to top

This large scale engraving, produced in Drake's lifetime, must have been designed to herald his status as national hero. However, very few early impressions exist and it may not have been widely circulated.

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Events of 1583back to top

Current affairs

Francis Throckmorton plots to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I and place Mary, Queen of Scots on the English throne. The conspiracy is uncovered and Throckmorton is executed. Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes an English colony in Newfoundland. He is drowned on the return voyage. The revolt in Munster, Ireland, against English rule ends with the execution of the rebel leader the Earl of Desmond. The region is devastated by famine and plague.

Art and science

The first recorded life insurance policy is issued in London. The Italian botanist Andrea Cesalpino publishes De plantis (Of Plants) the first modern classification of plants.

International

The French Fury - François, Duke of Anjou attacks Antwerp in an attempt to assert French authority in the Spanish Netherlands. He fails to capture the city and retires to France. The Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II moves the Imperial Court from Vienna to Prague.

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