© National Portrait Gallery, London
Matthew Fortescue, 2nd Baron Fortescue
by George Townshend, 4th Viscount and 1st Marquess Townshend Click on the links below to find out more
pen and ink, 1751-1758
2 1/8 in. x 2 1/8 in. (55 mm x 55 mm)
Bequeathed by Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer, 1971
Frederick, Prince of Wales dies and is succeeded by his son, later George III, as Prince of Wales.Third Gin Act requires government inspection of distilleries and restricts sales to licensed premises in an effort to curtail consumption.
Art and science
Thomas Gray publishes his poem Elegy written in a Country Church Yard
.Philosopher David Hume publishes An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals
.Eliza Haywood publishes her novel The History of Miss Betsy Thoughtless
. William Hogarth publishes his satirical engravings Beer-Street
, Gin Lane
and The Four Stages of Cruelty
Robert Clive reopens hostilities with the French in India. He prevails after holding out during the siege of Arcot.First part of the Encyclopédie
- an innovative 28 volume encyclopedia which represented the dominant strains of Enlightenment thinking - is published in France, edited by Diderot. Swedish chemist Alex Cronstedt identifies nickel as an impurity in copper ore as a separate metallic element.