1 of 8 portraits of Elizabeth Fry
by Samuel Drummond
watercolour on ivory, circa 1815
4 1/2 in. x 3 1/4 in. (114 mm x 83 mm)
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Sitterback to top
- Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845), Quaker minister and social reformer. Sitter in 8 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Samuel Drummond (1765-1844), Portrait and history painter. Artist associated with 58 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
This portraitback to top
Fry's Quaker upbringing and beliefs (represented by her distinctive bonnet), were manifested in her interest in women's prison reforms. The bars of Newgate prison are shown in the background of
this miniature. Her informed but compassionate stance resulted in more humanitarian treatment of women prisoners. In this portrait, Fry is shown as if pausing during one of her weekly Bible readings at Newgate prison.
Linked publicationsback to top
Events of 1815back to top
Current affairsJohn and James Leigh Hunt are released from prison after a two year sentence for slandering the Prince of Wales in their outspoken, radical periodical the Examiner.
Corn Laws are introduced to protect against the collapse in prices which would inevitably follow peace with France, prompting riots in London.
Art and scienceHumphry Davy invents the miners' safety lamp though its reception is clouded by William Clanny and George Stephenson who present rival models in the same year.
British Institution arranges first in innovative series of Old Master exhibitions
provoking virulent attack on its patrons for neglecting contemporary art.
InternationalNapoleon returns to France from exile in Elba and resumes power until his abdication on 22 June; a period known as the 'Hundred Days'.
Battle of Waterloo concludes the Anglo-French struggle that had lasted more than a century. Peace of Vienna establishes Britain's global political, economic and imperial dominance which lasts for the next hundred years.