© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Samuel Drummond Click on the links below to find out more
watercolour on ivory, circa 1815
4 1/2 in. x 3 1/4 in. (114 mm x 83 mm)
- Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845), Quaker minister and social reformer. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- Samuel Drummond (1765-1844), Portrait and history painter. Artist associated with 56 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
A member of a Norfolk Quaker family, Elizabeth Fry took up the ministry after her marriage. She became greatly concerned about the condition of women prisoners at Newgate, where the overcrowding of innocent and guilty alike was appalling. A visiting American minister said, 'the wretched outcasts have been tamed and subdued by the Christian eloquence of Mrs Fry', but it was her introduction of a matron, proper supplies of clothing and a school that really helped. In this portrait Fry is shown with a barred prison window and a book, probably the Bible, before her.
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 233
- Walker, Richard, Miniatures: 300 Years of the English Miniature, 1998, p. 103
- Walker, Richard, Regency Portraits, 1985, p. 193
John and James Leigh Hunt are released from prison after a two year sentence for slandering the Prince of Wales in their outspoken, radical periodical the Examiner
.Corn Laws are introduced to protect against the collapse in prices which would inevitably follow peace with France, prompting riots in London.
Art and science
Humphry Davy invents the miners' safety lamp though its reception is clouded by William Clanny and George Stephenson who present rival models in the same year. British Institution arranges first in innovative series of Old Master exhibitionsprovoking virulent attack on its patrons for neglecting contemporary art.
Napoleon returns to France from exile in Elba and resumes power until his abdication on 22 June; a period known as the 'Hundred Days'. Battle of Waterloo concludes the Anglo-French struggle that had lasted more than a century. Peace of Vienna establishes Britain's global political, economic and imperial dominance which lasts for the next hundred years.