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Roger Fry

2 of 18 portraits of Roger Fry

Roger Fry, by Jean Marchand, 1920 - NPG 4570 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Roger Fry

by Jean Marchand
crayon, 1920
12 1/4 in. x 9 1/4 in. (310 mm x 235 mm) uneven
Purchased, 1967
Primary Collection
NPG 4570

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Sitterback to top

  • Roger Fry (1866-1934), Critic and painter. Sitter in 18 portraits, Artist of 5 portraits.

Artistback to top

  • Jean Marchand (1883-1941), Painter. Artist of 1 portrait, Sitter in 9 portraits.

This portraitback to top

Marchand was included in the second Post-Impressionist exhibition but did not meet Fry until 1919. In 1920 they painted together at Vence. Marchand was one of a number of younger French artists promoted in England by Roger Fry and purchased by collectors such as Sir Michael Sadler and Frank Hindley Smith. After the First World War these and other collectors moved on, under Fry's influence, from collecting the French nineteenth century landscapes of the Barbizon School to artists such as Marchand, Matisse and Picasso. Fry championed Marchand's throwing away of the 'scaffolding of cubism', and devoted a whole essay to him in Vision and Design (1920). Still a set text today, Vision and Design brought together many of the articles Fry had written for the Burlington in the previous twenty years, on such diverse subjects as 'The Art of the Bushmen', 'Negro Art' and 'Aubrey Beardsley's Drawings'.

Linked publicationsback to top

Events of 1920back to top

Current affairs

The Government of Ireland Act (Fourth Home Rule Bill) partitions Ireland into the Irish Free State with a devolved parliament in Dublin and Northern Ireland with a devolved parliament in Belfast. The Communist Party of Great Britain is founded in London, uniting a number of independent socialist and Marxist parties into a single, united party.

Art and science

Queen Alexandra unveils a monument to Edith Cavell in St Martin's Place opposite the National Portrait Gallery. The English nurse was executed in Germany for helping hundreds of allied soldiers to cross the border from occupied Belgium to the neutral Netherlands. George V officially opens the Imperial War Museum at the Crystal Palace.


The Kapp Putsch threatens the newly formed Weimar Republic. In defiance of the Treaty of Versailles, the leaders of the Marinebrigade Ehrhardt refused to disband and marched on Berlin, occupying it on the 13th March. With the general army refusing to defend the city, the government fled to Stuttgart. The rebellion, however, failed after the workers joined a general strike, disabling their plans.

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