King George II
King George II
by George Townshend, 4th Viscount and 1st Marquess Townshend
pen and ink, 1751-1758
3 1/8 in. x 2 5/8 in. (79 mm x 67 mm)
Bequeathed by Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer, 1971
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Artistback to top
- George Townshend, 4th Viscount and 1st Marquess Townshend (1724-1807), Field Marshal. Artist associated with 74 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Events of 1751back to top
Current affairsFrederick, Prince of Wales dies and is succeeded by his son, later George III, as Prince of Wales.Third Gin Act requires government inspection of distilleries and restricts sales to licensed premises in an effort to curtail consumption.
Art and scienceThomas Gray publishes his poem Elegy written in a Country Church Yard.Philosopher David Hume publishes An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals.Eliza Haywood publishes her novel The History of Miss Betsy Thoughtless. William Hogarth publishes his satirical engravings Beer-Street, Gin Lane and The Four Stages of Cruelty.
InternationalRobert Clive reopens hostilities with the French in India. He prevails after holding out during the siege of Arcot.First part of the Encyclopédie - an innovative 28 volume encyclopedia which represented the dominant strains of Enlightenment thinking - is published in France, edited by Diderot. Swedish chemist Alex Cronstedt identifies nickel as an impurity in copper ore as a separate metallic element.