King George III
King George III
studio of Allan Ramsay
oil on canvas, (1761-1762)
58 in. x 42 in. (1473 mm x 1067 mm)
Click on the links below to find out more:
Sitterback to top
- King George III (1738-1820), Reigned 1760-1820. Sitter associated with 183 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Allan Ramsay (1713-1784), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 118 portraits, Sitter in 3 portraits.
This portraitback to top
The eldest son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, George was the first Hanoverian King to be born and bred in England. His reign from 1760 was one of the longest and most eventful in modern times. Although plagued by apparent bouts of insanity, he maintained a meticulous personal interest in government until 1811. A patron of the arts and sciences, he amassed an extensive library and fostered an interest in agriculture. His obstinate attitude towards the demands of the American colonies led to the loss of these territories and the close of the first British empire. This portrait shows the King in his coronation robes; it is one of the numerous replicas issued by Ramsay of the coronation portrait which he painted in 1761. Many of these found their way to Britain's newly acquired colonial territories where they represented the authority of the nascent British empire.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Audio Guide
- Cooper, John, A Guide to the National Portrait Gallery, 2009, p. 27
- Gibson, Robin, Treasures from the National Portrait Gallery, 1996, p. 63
- Hart-Davis, Adam, Chain Reactions, 2000, p. 69
- Ingamells, John, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, 2004, p. 192
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 241
- Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997), p. 180
- Williamson, David, Kings and Queens, 2010, p. 135
- Williamson, David, The National Portrait Gallery: History of the Kings and Queens of England, 1998, p. 139
Subjects & Themesback to top
Events of 1761back to top
Current affairsGeorge, Prince of Wales marries Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz at St James' Palace. He is crowned George III two weeks later.Buckingham House, on the site of present-day Buckingham Palace, is purchased for the royal family. Bridgewater canal, engineered by James Brindley, opens as Britain's first canal.
Art and scienceEstablishment of Matthew Boulton's toy factory, the Soho Manufactory, near Birmingham; considered the first modern factory in Britain.Allan Ramsay becomes Painter to the King.
InternationalSeven Years' War: General Sir Eyre Coote captures Pondicherry from the French in India. A combined Prussian-Hanoverian-British force led by Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats a large French army at the Battle of Villinghausen. France and Spain sign the Pacte de Famille forming an alliance against Britain. Prime Minister William Pitt the Elder fails to garner support to declare war on Spain.
See this portrait
On display in Room 14 at the National Portrait Gallery