© National Portrait Gallery, London
King George V
by Sir Oswald Birley Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1933
23 1/4 in. x 16 7/8 in. (591 mm x 429 mm)
- King George V (1865-1936), Reigned 1910-36. Sitter in 473 portraits.
- Sir Oswald Birley (1880-1952), Painter. Artist associated with 15 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
Like a number of twentieth-century artists, Birley had a fondness for carved frames and would have a canvas made to fit a particular antique frame. His portrait of George V was made to fit the fine Italian 'cassetta' frame of a type used in Bologna and elsewhere in the Emilia in the first half of the seventeenth century.
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 242
- Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997), p. 23
Sir Norman Angell is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Angell was recognised for his book, Europe's Optical Illusion
(or The Great Illusion
) first published in 1910 and updated in 1933, which argued that war between modern powers was futile as neither the looser or victor would gain economically from it.
Art and science
British Art embraces abstraction with the establishment of 'Unit 1', the first group of British Artists dedicated to producing abstract art. The critic Herbert Read formed the group by bringing together the artists Ben Nicholson, Barbara Hepworth, Henry Moore, Paul Nash and the architect, Wells Coates.The Duveen Wing extension at the National Portrait Gallery is opened by King George V.
The Nazi party comes to power in Germany as part of a coalition government with Hitler as Chancellor. Over the next year, the party consolidated its position through the Enabling Act (allowing them to pass legislation without the support of the coalition), by banning and purging opposition, and by making Hitler Führer in 1934: granting him the combined powers of Chancellor and President.