William Ewart Gladstone
William Ewart Gladstone
by Carlo Pellegrini
watercolour, published in Vanity Fair 6 February 1869
11 7/8 in. x 7 in. (302 mm x 178 mm)
Given by an anonymous donor, 1923
Click on the links below to find out more:
Sitterback to top
- William Ewart Gladstone (1809-1898), Prime Minister and writer. Sitter associated with 315 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Carlo Pellegrini (1839-1889), 'Ape'; caricaturist. Artist associated with 482 portraits, Sitter in 5 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Published in Vanity Fair, 6 February 1869. The second cartoon to be published in Vanity Fair: the first was of Disraeli. They are the only two to be signed Singe by Pellegrini who subsequently adopted the Anglicised Ape.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Foister, Susan, Cardinal Newman 1801-90, 1990 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 2 March - 20 May 1990), p. 69
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 248
Events of 1869back to top
Current affairsGladstone introduces the Irish Church Disestablishment Act, which disestablishes the Church of Ireland, disassociating it from the state and repealing the paying of tithes to the Anglican Church of Ireland. Girton College is founded in Cambridge by Barbara Bodichon and Emily Davies, the first residential college for women in England; women were granted full membership to the University in 1948.
Art and scienceRussian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev invents the periodic table of elements, which arranges elements within a group in order of their atomic mass. The British scientist Mary Somerville publishes her last book On Molecular and Microscopic Science. Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir paint together in the open air at La Grenouillère, developing the Impressionist style.
InternationalThe Suez canal opens, linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Suez with the Mediterranean Sea, and transforming trade routes between Europe and Asia as merchants no longer had to circumvent Africa. The canal was largely in British and French control until Egyptian nationalisation in 1956, which sparked off the international Suez crisis.Serialisation of Leo Tolstoy's epic novel of Russian society during the Napoleonic wars, War and Peace finishes.
Exhibitions and displays
- At the Despatch Box: Gladstone in Action
Until 4 June