© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Francis Grant
by John Ballantyne Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, 1866
28 in. x 36 1/4 in. (711 mm x 921 mm)
- Sir Francis Grant (1803-1878), Portrait painter and President of the Royal Academy. Sitter associated with 22 portraits, Artist associated with 101 portraits.
- John Ballantyne (1815-1897), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 9 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 259
- Simon, Jacob, The Art of the Picture Frame: Artists, Patrons and the Framing of Portraits in Britain, 1997 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 8 November 1996 - 9 February 1997), p. 171
After the failure of Lord Russell's premiership due to party disuniity, the Earl of Derby begins his third, brief, term as Prime Minister. Dr Thomas Barnardo opens the first of his children's homes in the East End of London to care for children left orphaned by the recent cholera outbreak. The charity, now called Barnado's, is still running, although it has changed its focus from the direct care of children to fostering and adoption.
Art and science
Algernon Charles Swinburne causes controversy by publishing his volume of verse, Poems and Ballads
, in which he challenges Victorian moral and religious values. The poems were attacked for their anti-Christianity and sensuality.The botanist Gregor Mendel discovers laws of heredity, after cross-breeding pea-plants, observing how inherited traits are passed on to succeeding generations, laying the foundations for modern genetics.
The Peace of Prague is signed following the end of the Austro-Prussian war. Although lenient towards Austria, the loser, Austria's refusal to cede Venetia to Napoleon III, and in turn Italy, resulted in the Hapsburg's permanent exclusion from German affairs. Prussia thus establishes herself as the only major power among the German states.A Civil Rights Act is passed in the US, guaranteeing the legal rights of freed slaves.