© National Portrait Gallery, London
Francis North, 1st Baron Guilford
attributed to John Riley Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1682
50 in. x 40 5/8 in. (1272 mm x 1032 mm)
- John Riley (1646-1691), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 101 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- NPG D14365: Francis North, 1st Baron Guilford (source portrait)
- NPG D35002: Francis North, 1st Baron Guilford (source portrait)
- NPG D35003: Francis North, 1st Baron Guilford (source portrait)
Whig politician, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, the case of high treason dropped against him, attempts to co-ordinate uprisings around the country over the exclusion crisis; he is ultimately forced to flee to the Netherlands. Bideford Witch Trial condemns three women to death, the last to be hanged for witchcraft in England.
Art and science
Dramatist Thomas Otway's play, Venice Preserv'd
, is first staged. Dedicated to the king's influential French mistress, Louise de Kéroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth, it becomes one of the most popular Restoration plays. Naturalist, John Ray, publishes Methodus plantarum nova
, expounding his classification of plant species.
King of France, Louis XIV's determination to seize Spanish Luxembourg, and mobilization of French troops to the area, threatens the treaty of Nijmegen and security of the Dutch. Pressured by William of Orange and George Savile, Marquess of Halifax to take military action, the king opts for informal mediation.