Sir William Hamilton
Sir William Hamilton
by Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas, 1777
100 1/2 in. x 69 in. (2553 mm x 1752 mm)
Transferred from Tate Gallery: London: UK, 1957
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Sitterback to top
- Sir William Hamilton (1730-1803), Diplomat and archaeologist. Sitter in 13 portraits.
Artistback to top
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
This portraitback to top
Hamilton holds the first volume of a lavishly illustrated series by D'Hancarville that celebrates his achievements as a collector. It is open at a plate that bears a Greek dedication to him. Some of his antiquities that he gave to the British Museum are shown beside him.
Linked publicationsback to top
- Audio Guide
- Ingamells, John, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, 2004, p. 233
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 275
Events of 1777back to top
Current affairsTrent and Mersey Canal is completed under the supervision of engineer James Brindley. Philanthropist and reformer John Howard publishes his study The State of the Prisons in England and Wales.
Art and scienceArtist James Barry begins his monumental series of paintings The Progress of Human Culture for the Great Room of the Society of Arts in London. He completes it in 1783. Richard Brinsley Sheridan's second play, The School for Scandal, is an immediate success in London's Drury Lane Theatre.Entrepreneur William Bass establishes the Bass Brewery at Burton upon Trent.
InternationalAmerican War of Independence: George Washington, heavily defeated at the Battle of Brandywine, is forced to relinquish Philadelphia to the British under General William Howe. At the two Battles of Saratoga only weeks later General John Burgoyne is forced to surrender to the Americans, marking a turning point in the war. The Continental Congress agrees the final version of the Articles of Confederation, defining the terms on which states join the Union.
See this portrait
- Portrait of the Day: Maria Anne Fitzherbert (née Smythe)
12 December, 12:30