© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Christopher Hatton
attributed to Silvester Harding, after Nicholas Hilliard Click on the links below to find out more
watercolour, 1848 (circa 1588-1591)
12 in. x 9 1/4 in. (305 mm x 235 mm)
- Silvester Harding (1745-1809), Artist and publisher. Artist associated with 217 portraits.
- Nicholas Hilliard (1547-1619), Miniature painter. Artist associated with 34 portraits.
The Spanish Armada sets sail for England from Lisbon but after a running battle up the Channel is met by English fire ships off Calais and destroyed. The remainder of the fleet is forced to flee. A huge thanksgiving service is held at St Paul's Cathedral to celebrate the victory.Death of Queen Elizabeth I's favourite Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester.
Art and science
The scientist and colonist Thomas Harriot publishes A Brief and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia
, in which he claims that tobacco has medicinal properties. Publication of William Morgan's Welsh translation of the Bible. The playwright Thomas Kyd's The Spanish Tragedy
is performed for the first time.
Henry III of France flees Paris after the militant catholic Henry, Duke of Guise is welcomed into the city. The King is forced to decree an end to all toleration of the Huguenots (French Protestants) and to annul the Protestant Henry of Navarre's right to the throne. The Duke of Guise is later assassinated on the orders of the King. Abbas I became Shah of Persia. He will rule the Persian Empire until his death in 1629.