© National Portrait Gallery, London
by John Michael Wright Click on the links below to find out more
oil on canvas, circa 1669-1670
26 in. x 21 1/2 in. (660 mm x 546 mm)
Given by Sir Walter Trevelyan, 1866
- Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), Social philosopher. Sitter associated with 21 portraits.
- Cooper, John, Visitor's Guide, 2000, p. 35
- John Cooper, National Portrait Gallery Visitor's Guide, 2006, p. 35
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 305
An indulgence is issued in Scotland, the result of Secretary of State for Scotland, John Maitland's negotiations with Presbyterians, allowing some formerly ejected clergymen to return to their ministries. Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I, dies at the château de Colombes and is buried in the Cathedral of St Denis.
Art and science
Architect, Christopher Wren is appointed surveyor of the king's works. Mathematician, Isaac Newton, is made Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge. Earlier in the year, he builds the first known reflecting telescope.Diarist Samuel Pepys, with failing eyesight, stops writing his diary never to resume.
Charles II begins secret diplomatic negotiations with Louis XIV of France in April, with a view to securing an alliance against the Dutch, and financial support. Communications between the two monarchs flowed through Charles's sister, Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orleans, sister-in-law of Louis.