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Unknown man, formerly known as Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland

2 of 54 portraits of Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland

Unknown man, formerly known as Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland, by Louis Gauffier, 1796 - NPG 1382 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Unknown man, formerly known as Henry Richard Fox (later Vassall), 3rd Baron Holland

by Louis Gauffier
oil on canvas, 1796
26 1/4 in. x 19 3/4 in. (667 mm x 502 mm)
Purchased, 1904
Primary Collection
NPG 1382

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This portrait by the French painter Louis Gauffier shows a smartly dressed young man on a hillside, with a view of Florence behind him. The portrait is signed by Gauffier and dated 1796, but the sitter is unknown. Gauffier worked in Italy in the 1790s and painted the portraits of many fashionable Englishmen and others on the Grand Tour. The sitter is probably one of these travellers. He may also have been a friend of Gauffier's, since he appears in other pictures by the painter.

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  • Place portrayed: Italy (Florence, Tuscany)

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Current affairs

Birth of Princess Charlotte, only child of George, Prince of Wales and Princess Caroline whose marriage soon quickly and publicly degenerates.

Art and science

Fanny Burney publishes Camilla, one of several influential novels exploring social misunderstanding and the fashionable mode of sensibility. Architect William Chambers completes the building of Somerset House. Collector William Beckford, the richest man in England, begins construction of his gothic fantasy Fonthill Abbey.


Napoleon Bonaparte assumes command of the French armies in Italy and defeats the Austrians at Millesimo and the Piedmontese at Mondovi. Arthur Wellesley, later Duke of Wellington, arrives in India as a colonel. John Adams is elected President of the United States, defeating Thomas Jefferson by three votes.

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