Sir William Huggins

1 portrait on display in Room 27 at the National Portrait Gallery

Sir William Huggins, replica by John Collier, 1905 - NPG 1682 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Sir William Huggins

replica by John Collier
oil on canvas, 1905
35 1/2 in. x 27 1/2 in. (902 mm x 699 mm)
Given by the sitter's widow, 1912
Primary Collection
NPG 1682


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Sitterback to top

Artistback to top

  • John Collier (1850-1934), Portrait painter and writer on art. Artist associated with 21 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.

This portraitback to top

A replica of the portrait presented by subscribers to the Royal Society in 1905, Huggins is shown seated in the Presidential Chair.

Related worksback to top

Linked publicationsback to top

  • Hackmann, W.D., Apples and Atoms: Portraits of Scientists from Newton to Rutherford, 1986, p. 64
  • Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 318

Events of 1905back to top

Current affairs

Following turmoil over the issue of Free Trade, Balfour resigns and calls an election, believing that the Liberals will be defeated. However, he is mistaken and Henry Campbell-Bannerman replaces him as the Liberal government Prime Minister. The foundation of the Ulster Unionist Council, established to campaign against Home Rule, marks the birth of the Ulster Unionist party in Northern Ireland with the Duke of Abercorn as the first elected president.

Art and science

The Bloomsbury group of artists and intellectuals begin to hold informal gatherings at the home of Vanessa and Virginia Stephen. The group includes the artist Duncan Grant, biographer Lytton Strachey, and the art critics Clive Bell and Roger Fry. The German theoretical physicist Albert Einstein has his 'annus mirabilis', publishing groundbreaking papers on the nature of light and motion, including his relation of mass and energy in the equation e = mc2.

International

Massacre of more than 100 workers at a peaceful demonstration by troops in St Petersburg becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'. The event sparks the 1905 Revolution, with uprisings and peasant revolts in other cities, leading the Tsar to issue the October Manifesto, pledging moderate reform, including the establishment of an elected 'duma' (government), which only partially appeases imperial opposition. Still fighting Japan, the internal agitation weakens the imperial army.

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